See HERE for the provisional contents page of the study,

which gives you a proper chronology of sections.

Note: the content below is all in first draft format. It will change considerably during the time it takes for the study to be completed (especially by way of more academic support, generally). I post now ‘for interest’s sake’.


Examples of how ecologically-detrimental ideological components of

advanced industrial capitalist consumer society are perpetuated.


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Mill’s dangers of democracy

4.3 Democracy in a free-market neoliberal capitalist system

4.4 One-dimensionality

4.5 Societies of Control

4.6 Princen’s ‘traffic control measures’


The previous chapter identified ‘Promethean’, anti-ecological characteristics as dominant in the ecologically insensitive histories of Christianity, science and technology – indeed, their characteristics are partly what made it possible for the discourses to become dominant globally. It was then shown that capitalism embodies such characteristics, and Kovel’s following remark (2002: vii) was substantiated: “capitalism is the uncontrollable force driving our ecological crisis”. Kovel (in a quote encountered in chapter three above) is understandably perturbed by a general ignorance and disregard for the blatant and pernicious paradox that drives capitalism: “One would think that a moment of doubt would be introduced into the official scenario by the screamingly obvious fact that a society predicated on endless expansion must inevitably collapse its natural base” (2002: x). His next words are telling, and hint at the focus of this chapter: “However, thanks to a superbly effective propaganda apparatus and the intellectual defects wrought by power, such has not so far been the case”. This chapter focuses on aspects of the ‘propaganda apparatus’ to which Kovel refers in an attempt to answer the question, what blocks social change?